A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers. Such aircraft usually do not incorporate passenger amenities and generally feature one or more large doors for loading cargo
What kind of cargo do planes carry?
Instead, they carry only goods, or cargo. The goods are carried in a huge storage space called the cargo hold, which fills almost the whole length of the plane. To move really big things, you need specially built planes called super transporters, such as the Airbus A300-600ST, or Beluga.
How much cargo can a cargo plane carry?
When configured as a freighter, the Boeing 747-400 can hold about 26,000 cubic feet (736 m3) of cargo. That’s about as much as five semi-trucks can haul. The 747-400 can hold 30 pallets of goods on the main level. The pallets are 96 by 125 inches (2.4 m by 3.2 m) and up to 120-inches (3.05-m) tall.
How much does a cargo plane weigh?
It has a maximum takeoff weight of about 80,000 kg (175,000 lbs). This includes the weight of the plane, which is about 41,000 kg (90,000 lbs), and the weight of the fuel which is about 18,000 kg (40,000 lbs). This leaves about 20,000 kg (45,000 lbs) for passengers, cargo, and crew
Can you fly on a cargo plane?
Technically, passenger aircraft are also cargo-carrying aircraft, so the answer is yes, however, aircraft specifically licensed or designed without passenger seating would only permit flight crews, essential staff that accompany live freight, or in the case of the military with armaments.
Why do cargo airlines use older planes?
Most of the cargo aircraft are older passenger aircraft that have been converted into cargo aircraft. As a result, the capital costs are lower compared to that of the passenger aircraft. … The capital costs for air freighters are a relatively small part of total operating costs because of their age
What’s the largest cargo plane?
The Antonov An-225 Mriya is, quite simply, the largest aeroplane in the world. At 275 feet in length with a 290-foot wingspan and a maximum takeoff weight of 640 tons, it dwarfs 787’s. When it debuted in 1988, the An-225 was 50 per cent bigger than any airliner ever built before it.
Do cargo planes fly faster than passenger planes?
Big military heavy lifters generally fly somewhat more slowly than passenger jets, but most cargo aircraft are actually derivatives of passenger-carrying aircraft & fly just as fast. Most cargo planes fly at the same speed at the regular planes of the same version
Why do airlines have cargo planes?
They often have a significant amount of room in the hold of scheduled passenger flights, so they fill it up with cargo to make more money. It’s a win-win because the airline makes money and the shipper gets his product to the destination faster. Why don’t airlines use planes?
Do planes get weighed before takeoff?
Aircraft are not weighed before each flight, but the basic empty weight must be known and checked periodically per regulation
What is the fastest cargo plane?
When you need a lot of stuff moved very far and relatively fast, these are the planes you turn to.
- Antonov An-225 Mriya. Ralf Manteufel. …
- Boeing 747 Dreamlifter. Getty Images. …
- Aero Spacelines Super Guppy. …
- Antonov An-124 Condor. …
- Lockheed C-5 Galaxy. …
- Airbus A300-600ST Beluga. …
- Antonov An-22 Antei. …
- Boeing C-17 Globemaster II
Do cargo pilots get paid more?
Pay at the large cargo operators such as FedEx and UPS is equivalent to passenger airline pilot pay. Pilots at the large cargo operations will get into wide-body aeroplanes faster and start earning the higher pay associated with those aeroplanes sooner
Are there flight attendants on cargo planes?
Yes, there are usually only two of us in a cargo aircraft, even on many oceanic flights. … On a passenger flight, although there are Flight Attendants and hundreds of passengers, it still boils down to the two professional pilots up front to keep the aeroplane safe.
Are cargo planes pressurized?
The cargo holds in typical airliners are indeed pressurized. … Because of that, everything within the fuselage shape is pressurized. This includes the cargo hold below. Only cargo holds located behind the aft pressure bulkhead would be unpressurized, and these are mainly found in smaller aircraft.
Can a plane carry a car?
Transporting your car via air freight, as we call it in the transport industry, is significantly more expensive than transporting your car by land or sea. … For most cars, the cost to ship it across the country via plane would exceed the value of the vehicle itself.
Why do cargo planes have wings on top?
The legs are tidy and short with low wings. High wings are favoured for military cargo and passenger planes because the high wing keeps the engine, propeller, fan, etc, away from the ground. Military cargo and passenger planes don’t always have paved runways- a flattish spot may be as good as they get.